Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a great tool for biologists, palaeontologists, doctors, veterinarians, and other biosciences specialities in which researchers face questions about biomechanics of living and extinct organisms. Elements like bone, arthropod exoskeleton, mollusc shells, or the stems and leaves of plants can be analysed using this technique. FEA is a non-invasive modelling technique, based on the principle of dividing a system into a finite number of discrete elements where the equations are applied. Although static and dynamic analysis can be solved using FEA, in this course only static analysis will be covered.
In this course, there will be an introduction to the Finite Element in order to model biological structures and understand how they worked. It will cover all the steps involved in FEA (for static analysis) except the creation or reconstruction of the model, which will be covered in the previous course 3D Model Generation in Biosciences. That is how to define the material properties of biological structures, the use of a consistent Mesh Generation Methods, the proper definition of biomechanical boundary conditions and finally, how understand and analyse the results obtained in a computational simulation.
After the theoretical introduction we will build and analyse 2D and 3D finite element models of skeletal elements and deepen on the methods and software’s required to perform FEA. Key questions as mesh size, boundary conditions, applied forces, scaling and numerical singularities will be thoroughly addressed. The last day attendees will have opportunity for trying to analyse by themselves their own data or other examples with the help of both instructors.
Dr. Josep Fortuny
(Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP) and Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain).
Dr. Jordi Marcé-Nogué
(Universität Hamburg, Germany).
Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno
(Transmitting Science, Spain).
Graduate or postgraduate degree in any Sciences discipline, basic knowledge of statistics and personal computers. Familiarity with 3D model generation, as the starting point of the course will be with the model already constructed. If you do not know how to create and generate a 3D model to take the previous course 3D Model Generation in Biosciences is recommended.
Participants will be required to bring their own personal laptop with the following minimum requirements: Windows, CoreI5 or equivalent, 4 GB RAM, 1 GB memory dedicated to the graphic card, 20 GB of hard disk space available. If you wish to attend but do not have access to a laptop which meets these specifications, please contact us at email@example.com.
Monday 9th to Friday 13th November 2015.
Premises of the Centre de Restauració i Interpretació Paleontològic (CRIP), Av. dels Hostalets de Pierola, s/ nº, 08781 Els Hostalets de Pierola, Barcelona (Spain). How to arrive.
Monday 9th November 2015.
- An introduction to the use of Finite Element Analysis (FEA):
- Basic continuum mechanics:
Tuesday 10th November 2015.
- Theoretical approach to Meshing:
- Defining Material Properties:
Wednesday 11th November 2015.
- 2D Plane models reconstruction:
- Comparative Analysis:
Thursday 12th November 2015.
- 3D models:
- CASE STUDY:
Friday 13th November 2015.
- Working with your own data.
- Rayfield EJ (2007) Finite Element Analysis and Understanding the Biomechanics and Evolution of Living and Fossil Organisms. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 35 (1): 541-576.
- Kupczik K (2008) Virtual biomechanics basic concepts and technical aspects of finite element analysis in vertebrate morphology. Journal of Anthropological Sciences, 86: 193-198.
- Moazen M, Curtis N, O’Higgins P, Jones MEH, Evans SE, Fagan MJ (2009) Assessment of the role of sutures in a lizard skull a computer modelling study. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276: 39-46.
- Dumont ER, Grosse IR, Slater GJ (2009) Requirements for comparing the performance of finite element models of biological structures. Journal of theoretical biology, 256 (1): 96-103.
- Fletcher TM, Janis CM, Rayfield EJ (2010) Finite Element Analysis of Ungulate Jaws: Can mode of digestive physiology be determined? Palaeontologica Electronia, 13 (3).
- Marcé-Nogué J, Fortuny J, Gil L, Galobart A (2011) Using Reverse Engineering to Reconstruct Tetrapod Skulls and Analyse its Feeding Behaviour, in Topping BHV, Tsompanakis Y, eds. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing. Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, United Kingdom, Paper 237 (pp. 1-12).
- Bright JA, Rayfield EJ (2011) The response of cranial biomechanical finite element models to variations in mesh density. The Anatomical Record, 294: 610-620.
- Fortuny J, Marcé-Nogué J, De Esteban S, Gil LL, Galobart A (2011) Temnospondyli bite club: Ecomorphological patterns of the most diverse group of early tetrapods. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24 (9): 2040-2054.
- Fortuny J, Marcé-Nogué J, Gil LL, Galobart A (2012) Skull Mechanics and the Evolutionary Patterns of the Otic Notch Closure in Capitosaurs (Amphibia: Temnospondyli). The Anatomical Record, 295 (7): 1134-1146.
- Lee HH (2012) Finite Element Simulations with ANSYS Workbench 14, SDC Publications.
- Lawrence KL (2012) ANSYS Workbench Tutorial Release 14, SDC Publications.
- Marcé-Nogué J, DeMiguel D, Fortuny J, De Esteban-Trivigno S, GIl L (2013) Quasi-homothetic transformation for comparing the mechanical performance of planar models in biological research. Palaeontologia Electronica, 16: 15p. http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/2013/468-quasihomothetic-transformation.
- Reddy JN, An Introduction to Continuum Mechanics, Texas A & M University.
- Morris A, A Practical Guide to Reliable Finite Element Modelling, John Wiley & Sons.
40 hours on-site. This course is equivalent to 4 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System). Participants who have completed the course will receive a certificate at the end of it.
Sunday 8th November 2015:
19:00 Meeting point in Plaza Catalunya (Barcelona) to take the bus to Els Hostalets de Pierola. If you are planning to arrive later, you can find more information in How to arrive.
8:30 to 9:00 Breakfast.
Saturday 14th November 2015:
8:30 to 9:00 Breakfast.
The schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.
You will find below some testimonials from former participants to previous editions of this course:
“The FEA courses give an elementary introduction to this complex and interdisciplinary research field, and offer the possibility to learn to use sophisticated software under instruction (in a very pleasant atmosphere), which is always much easier than doing it by oneself. The courses are also a good opportunity to meet students working on related topics, who often face similar problems – a perfect basis to find solutions together and get into contact with (future) colleagues from around the world. Furthermore, the attendance of the FEA courses was really helpful for me because I met experienced instructors and had the chance to discuss my projects and optimize my work flow.”
Janina Dynowski, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Germany (1st Edition).
“A really useful course! Everything explained by the instructors is also practiced during the classes so you can apply it afterwards for your own data. Moreover, the instructors are always willing to answer any question you have about the lessons and about how to build and process your models. The organisation of the course is also an additional point because you don’t need to be worried about anything (technically and personally).”
Marta Pina, Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP), Spain (1st Edition).
Places are limited to 16 participants and will be occupied by strict registration order.
Reduced registration fee until May 31, 2015: 595 €. Full registration fee after May 31, 2015: 835 €. Reduced registration fee extended to July 31, 2015. This includes course material, coffee breaks and lunches.
Former participants will have a 5 % discount** on the current course fee. Discounts are applied only on the fee, not to lodging or other options (see All Inclusive option below in Accommodation section).
We offer the possibility of paying in two instalments (contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org).
Please complete and submit your Registration Form (see below); we will confirm your acceptance by e-mail. If you do not receive any confirmation by e-mail after registration, please contact us at email@example.com.
If you wish to cancel your participation in this course, cancellations up to 20 days before the course start date will incur a 30 % cancellation fee. For later cancellations, or non-attendance, 75 % of the fee will be charged.
If Transmitting Science must cancel this course due to unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of Transmitting Science, you will either be entitled to a full refund of the course fee, or your fee can be credited toward a future course / workshop. Transmitting Science is not responsible for travel fees, or any expenses incurred by you as a result of such cancellation. Every effort will be made to avoid the cancellation of any planned course / workshop.
The course will take place in the town of Els Hostalets de Pierola, Barcelona (Spain).
- All Inclusive option:
We offer this option that covers all of the expenses for the week; it includes transport to and from Barcelona city, lodging, breakfasts, dinners and a visit to a wine cellar. This costs 300 €.
Participants will be hosted in the Youth Hostel Can Roviralta, in shared dormitories (common bathrooms), although you will only share rooms with other classmates. The possibility exists that the dormitories will be mixed. Therefore, if this is an inconvenience for you, and you require staying in a dormitory with only women, or only men, please indicate so in the “Comments” field of the Registration Form (see below).
A supplemental charge will be added if you prefer to stay in a single room with private bathroom. The number of rooms is limited and if you prefer to have a single room, let us know it as soon as possible. If you want more information on this please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please be aware that from the centre of Barcelona city it takes about one hour by car and one hour and a half by public transport to arrive to Els Hostalets de Pierola. Course attendees will find that staying in Els Hostalets de Pierola is more convenient.
- Other Options:
If you do not want the All Inclusive option, accommodation is available in places other than Els Hostalets de Pierola. You may stay in Barcelona city, Martorell or Igualada. You will find information about Hotels in Martorell here, and information about Hotels in Igualada here. Both Martorell and Igualada are located about 45 minutes by train from Els Hostalets de Pierola, while it takes about one hour and a half by public transport to arrive to Els Hostalets de Pierola from the centre of Barcelona city.
How to arrive to Els Hostalets de Pierola from Barcelona city, Martorell and Igualada.
Unfortunately there are no internal grants available for this course. However some discounts are offered to people belonging to some of the Associations, Institutions or Universities listed here. If you want to apply to this discount please state the name of your Association, Institution or University in the “Comments” field of the Registration Form (proof will be asked later).
Spanish unemployed scientists, as well as Spanish PhD students without any grant to develop their PhD, could benefit from a 40 % discount** on the course fee. If you want to ask for this discount, please contact us at email@example.com. That would apply for a maximum of 2 places and they will be covered by strict inscription order.
For further information contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
** Discounts are not cumulative.