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Advanced Courses in Life Sciences

5th Edition

Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics

April 4th-7th, 2017, Barcelona (Spain)

Integration and Modularity with Geometric MorphometricsThe aim of this course is to provide participants with an overview of morphometric approaches to studying morphological integration and modularity. The concepts of integration and modularity will be introduced and discussed in different contexts (e.g. development, individual variation, evolutionary change). The theoretical basis and application of different methods for analysing integration and modularity in geometric morphometric data will be presented. Lectures will be combined with hands-on demonstrations of the analyses. Participants are encouraged to bring their own morphometric data for analysis and discussion in the course.


Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont

C/ de l’Escola Industrial, nº 23
08201 Sabadell, Barcelona.

How to get there




28 hours on-site.

This course is equivalent to 3 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) at the Life Science Zurich Graduate School.

The recognition of ECTS by other institutions depends on each university or school.


Places are limited to 16 participants and will be occupied by strict registration order.

Participants who have completed the course will receive a certificate at the end of it.


Chris Klingenberg Instructor for Transmitting Science

Dr. Chris Klingenberg
University of Manchester
United Kingdom


Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno instructor at Transmitting Science

Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno
Transmitting Science

Judit Marigó coordinator at Transmitting Science

Dr. Judit Marigó
Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle / Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont
France / Spain


Graduate or postgraduate degree in Biomedical, Life or Earth Sciences, basic knowledge of statistics and personal computers. Knowledge of Geometric Morphometrics. All participants must bring their own personal laptop. We would like to encourage participants to bring along their own morphometrics data, in case you have it.


1. Brief review of geometric morphometrics: Procrustes fit, shape space, covariance matrices, etc.

2. PCA for characterizing patterns of integration.

3. Partial least squares and integration.

4. Practice: patterns of integration.

5. Indices of integration.

6. Modularity: concepts and analysis.

7. Modularity hypotheses: where do they come from?

8. Practice: Indices, allometry and comparisons.

9. Comparing patterns of integration.

10. Developmental integration and modularity.

11. Evolutionary integration and modularity.

12. Practice: integration & modularity.

13. Allometry as a factor of integration.

14. Multilevel analyses of integration and modularity.

15. Presentations of group work.


  • Klingenberg CP, Zaklan SD (2000) Morphological integration between developmental compartments in the Drosophila wing. Evolution, 54: 1273-1285.
  • Klingenberg CP, Badyaev AV, Sowry SM, Beckwith NJ (2001) Inferring developmental modularity from morphological integration: Analysis of individual variation and asymmetry in bumblebee wings. American Naturalist, 157: 11-23.
  • Klingenberg CP (2003) Developmental instability as a research tool: Using patterns of fluctuating asymmetry to infer the developmental origins of morphological integration, Pages 427-442 in Polak M, ed. Developmental instability: Causes and consequences. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Klingenberg CP, Mebus K, Auffray J-C (2003) Developmental integration in a complex morphological structure: How distinct are the modules in the mouse mandible?. Evolution & Development, 5: 522-531.
  • Klingenberg CP (2004) Integration, modules and development: Molecules to morphology to evolution, Pages 213-230 in Pigliucci M, Preston K, eds. Phenotypic integration: Studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Klingenberg CP (2005) Developmental constraints, modules and evolvability, Pages 219-247 in Hallgrímsson B, Hall BK, eds. Variation. San Diego, Academic Press.
  • Breuker CJ, Gibbs M, Van Dyck H, Brakefield PM, Klingenberg CP, Van Dongen S (2007) Integration of wings and their eyespots in the speckled wood butterfly Pararge aegeria. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution), 308B: 454-463.
  • Klingenberg CP (2008) Morphological integration and developmental modularity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 39: 115-132.
  • Klingenberg CP (2009) Morphometric integration and modularity in configurations of landmarks: Tools for evaluating a-priori hypotheses. Evolution & Development, 11: 405-421.
  • Singh N, Harvati K, Hublin J-J, Klingenberg CP (2012) Morphological evolution through integration: A quantitative study of cranial integration in Homo, Pan, Gorilla and Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution, 62: 155-164.
  • Klingenberg CP, Duttke S, Whelan S, Kim M (2012) Developmental plasticity, morphological variation and evolvability: A multilevel analysis of morphometric integration in the shape of compound leaves. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 115-129.


  • Course Fee
  • Early bird (until November 15th, 2016)
  • 535
  • Regular (after November 15th, 2016)
  • 750
  • This includes course material, coffee breaks and lunches.

We offer the possibility of paying in two instalments (contact the course coordinators).


The course will take place in the city of Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain).

You may stay in Barcelona city or Sabadell. You will find information about Hotels and Hostel in Sabadell here. It takes about 45 minutes by public transport to arrive to Sabadell from the centre of Barcelona city. The place of the course is about 15 minutes walking from the train stop.


Former participants will have a 5 % discount on the Course Fee.

Unfortunately there are no scholarships available for this course. However a 20 % discount on the Course Fee is offered for members of some organizations (Organizations with discount). If you want to apply to this discount please indicate it in the Registration form (proof will be asked later).

Spanish unemployed scientists, as well as Spanish PhD students without any grant or scholarship to develop their PhD, could benefit from a 40 % discount on the Course Fee. If you want to ask for this discount, please contact the course coordinators. That would apply for a maximum of 2 places and they will be covered by strict inscription order.

Discounts are not cumulative.


Course Schedule
Tuesday, April 4th through Friday, April 7th, 2017
9:30 to 13:30 Lessons.
13:30 to 15:00 Lunch.
15:00 to 18:00 Lessons.

There will be two coffee breaks each day, halfway through each lesson session.

The schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.


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