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Header of the course Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics - 4th Edition


Course director



Date and Site


Course length and ECTS



Number of places







Registration Form


Course Poster

Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics
The aim of this course is to provide participants with an overview of morphometric approaches to studying morphological integration and modularity. The concepts of integration and modularity will be introduced and discussed in different contexts (e.g. development, individual variation, evolutionary change). The theoretical basis and application of different methods for analysing integration and modularity in geometric morphometric data will be presented. Lectures will be combined with hands-on demonstrations of the analyses. Participants are encouraged to bring their own morphometric data for analysis and discussion in the course.


Prof. Chris Klingenberg instructor at Transmitting Science
Prof. Chris Klingenberg
(University of Manchester, United Kingdom).

Course director:

Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno course director at Transmitting Science
Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno

(Transmitting Science, Spain).


Graduate or postgraduate degree in Biomedical, Life or Earth Sciences, basic knowledge of statistics and personal computers. Knowledge of Geometric Morphometrics. All participants must bring their own personal laptop. We would like to encourage participants to bring along their own morphometrics data, in case you have it.



Date and Site:

Tuesday 7th to Friday 10th April 2015.

Premises of Sabadell of the Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP), C/ de l’Escola Industrial, 23, 08201 Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain). How to arrive.


1. Brief review of geometric morphometrics: Procrustes fit, shape space, covariance matrices, etc.

2. PCA for characterizing patterns of integration.

3. Partial least squares and integration.

4. Practice: patterns of integration.

5. Indices of integration.

6. Modularity: concepts and analysis.

7. Modularity hypotheses: where do they come from?

8. Practice: Indices, allometry and comparisons.

9. Comparing patterns of integration.

10. Developmental integration and modularity.

11. Evolutionary integration and modularity.

12. Practice: integration & modularity.

13. Allometry as a factor of integration.

14. Multilevel analyses of integration and modularity.

15. Presentations of group work.


- Klingenberg CP, Zaklan SD (2000) Morphological integration between developmental compartments in the Drosophila wing. Evolution, 54: 1273-1285.

- Klingenberg CP, Badyaev AV, Sowry SM, Beckwith NJ (2001) Inferring developmental modularity from morphological integration: Analysis of individual variation and asymmetry in bumblebee wings. American Naturalist, 157: 11-23.

- Klingenberg CP (2003) Developmental instability as a research tool: Using patterns of fluctuating asymmetry to infer the developmental origins of morphological integration, Pages 427-442 in Polak M, ed. Developmental instability: Causes and consequences. New York, Oxford University Press.

- Klingenberg CP, Mebus K, Auffray J-C (2003) Developmental integration in a complex morphological structure: How distinct are the modules in the mouse mandible?. Evolution & Development, 5: 522-531.

- Klingenberg CP (2004) Integration, modules and development: Molecules to morphology to evolution, Pages 213-230 in Pigliucci M, Preston K, eds. Phenotypic integration: Studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. New York, Oxford University Press.

- Klingenberg CP (2005) Developmental constraints, modules and evolvability, Pages 219-247 in Hallgrímsson B, Hall BK, eds. Variation. San Diego, Academic Press.

- Breuker CJ, Gibbs M, Van Dyck H, Brakefield PM, Klingenberg CP, Van Dongen S (2007) Integration of wings and their eyespots in the speckled wood butterfly Pararge aegeria. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution), 308B: 454-463.

- Klingenberg CP (2008) Morphological integration and developmental modularity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 39: 115-132.

- Klingenberg CP (2009) Morphometric integration and modularity in configurations of landmarks: Tools for evaluating a-priori hypotheses. Evolution & Development, 11: 405-421.

- Singh N, Harvati K, Hublin J-J, Klingenberg CP (2012) Morphological evolution through integration: A quantitative study of cranial integration in Homo, Pan, Gorilla and Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution, 62: 155-164.

- Klingenberg CP, Duttke S, Whelan S, Kim M (2012) Developmental plasticity, morphological variation and evolvability: A multilevel analysis of morphometric integration in the shape of compound leaves. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 115-129.

Course length and ECTS:

28 hours on-site. This course is equivalent to 3 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System). Participants who have completed the course will receive a certificate at the end of it.


Tuesday 7th to Friday 10th April 2015:

9:30 to 13:30 Lessons.
13:30 to 15:00 Lunch.
15:00 to 18:00 Lessons.

  • There will be two coffee breaks each day, halfway through each lesson session.

The schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.


You will find below some testimonials from former participants to previous editions of this course:

Transmitting Science Avatar“In my point of view the course was quite comprehensive and well structured.”
Participants’ comment in the course evaluation (1st Edition)



More Testimonials.

Number of places:

Places are limited to 16 participants and will be occupied by strict registration order.


Reduced registration fee until January 15, 2015: 445 €. Full registration fee after January 15, 2015: 595 €. This includes course material, coffee breaks and lunches.

Former participants will have a 5 % discount* on the current course fee.

We offer the possibility of paying in two instalments (contact us at courses@transmittingscience.org).

Please complete and submit your Registration Form (see below); we will confirm your acceptance by e-mail. If you do not receive any confirmation by e-mail after registration, please contact us at courses@transmittingscience.org.

Cancellation policy:

If you wish to cancel your participation in this course, cancellations up to 20 days before the course start date will incur a 30 % cancellation fee. For later cancellations, or non-attendance, the full course fee will be charged.

If Transmitting Science must cancel this course due to unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of Transmitting Science, you will either be entitled to a full refund of the course fee, or your fee can be credited toward a future course / workshop. Transmitting Science is not responsible for travel fees, or any expenses incurred by you as a result of such cancellation. Every effort will be made to avoid the cancellation of any planned course / workshop.


The course will take place in the city of Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain).

You may stay in Barcelona city or Sabadell. You will find information about Hotels and Hostel in Sabadell here. It takes about 45 minutes by public transport to arrive to Sabadell from the centre of Barcelona city. The place of the course is about 15 minutes walking from the train stop.

How to arrive to Sabadell from Barcelona city.


Unfortunately there are no internal grants available for this course. However some discounts are offered to people belonging to some of the Associations, Institutions or Universities listed here. If you want to apply to this discount please state the name of your Association, Institution or University in the “Comments” field of the Registration Form (proof will be asked later).

Spanish unemployed scientists, as well as Spanish PhD students without any grant to develop their PhD, could benefit from a 40 % discount* on the course fee. If you want to ask for this discount, please contact us at courses@transmittingscience.org. That would apply for a maximum of 2 places and they will be covered by strict inscription order.


For further information contact: courses@transmittingscience.org.


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Registration Form

  • Do you need an invitation letter for processing a visa?
    (list of countries in which visa is required to visit Spain).
  • Are you going to validate the course in any research PhD School or doctorate?
  • At which University / Postgraduate School / PhD School?


* Discounts are not cumulative.