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Advanced Courses in Life Sciences

5th Edition

Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics

June 19th-22nd, 2018, Barcelona (Spain)

Geometric Morphometrics

Geometric Morphometrics Logo


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Integration and Modularity with Geometric MorphometricsThe aim of this course is to provide participants with an overview of morphometric approaches to studying morphological integration and modularity. The concepts of integration and modularity will be introduced and discussed in different contexts (e.g. development, individual variation, evolutionary change). The theoretical basis and application of different methods for analysing integration and modularity in geometric morphometric data will be presented. Lectures will be combined with hands-on demonstrations of the analyses. Participants are encouraged to bring their own morphometric data for analysis and discussion in the course.


Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP)

C/ de l’Escola Industrial, 23
08201 Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain)

How to get there




28 hours on-site.

This course is equivalent to 1 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) at the Life Science Zurich Graduate School.

The recognition of ECTS by other institutions depends on each university or school.


Places are limited to 16 participants and will be occupied by strict registration order.

Participants who have completed the course will receive a certificate at the end of it.


Chris Klingenberg Instructor for Transmitting Science

Dr. Chris Klingenberg
University of Manchester
United Kingdom


Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno instructor at Transmitting Science

Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno
Transmitting Science

Ana Rosa Gómez-Cano coordinator at Transmitting Science

Dr. Ana Rosa Gómez-Cano
Transmitting Science


Graduate or postgraduate degree in Biomedical, Life or Earth Sciences, basic knowledge of statistics and personal computers. Knowledge of Geometric Morphometrics. All participants must bring their own personal laptop. We would like to encourage participants to bring along their own morphometrics data, in case you have it.


1. Brief review of geometric morphometrics: Procrustes fit, shape space, covariance matrices, etc.

2. PCA for characterizing patterns of integration.

3. Partial least squares and integration.

4. Practice: patterns of integration.

5. Indices of integration.

6. Modularity: concepts and analysis.

7. Modularity hypotheses: where do they come from?

8. Practice: Indices, allometry and comparisons.

9. Comparing patterns of integration.

10. Developmental integration and modularity.

11. Evolutionary integration and modularity.

12. Practice: integration & modularity.

13. Allometry as a factor of integration.

14. Multilevel analyses of integration and modularity.

15. Presentations of group work.


  • Klingenberg CP, Zaklan SD (2000) Morphological integration between developmental compartments in the Drosophila wing. Evolution, 54: 1273-1285.
  • Klingenberg CP, Badyaev AV, Sowry SM, Beckwith NJ (2001) Inferring developmental modularity from morphological integration: Analysis of individual variation and asymmetry in bumblebee wings. American Naturalist, 157: 11-23.
  • Klingenberg CP (2003) Developmental instability as a research tool: Using patterns of fluctuating asymmetry to infer the developmental origins of morphological integration, Pages 427-442 in Polak M, ed. Developmental instability: Causes and consequences. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Klingenberg CP, Mebus K, Auffray J-C (2003) Developmental integration in a complex morphological structure: How distinct are the modules in the mouse mandible?. Evolution & Development, 5: 522-531.
  • Klingenberg CP (2004) Integration, modules and development: Molecules to morphology to evolution, Pages 213-230 in Pigliucci M, Preston K, eds. Phenotypic integration: Studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Klingenberg CP (2005) Developmental constraints, modules and evolvability, Pages 219-247 in Hallgrímsson B, Hall BK, eds. Variation. San Diego, Academic Press.
  • Breuker CJ, Gibbs M, Van Dyck H, Brakefield PM, Klingenberg CP, Van Dongen S (2007) Integration of wings and their eyespots in the speckled wood butterfly Pararge aegeria. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution), 308B: 454-463.
  • Klingenberg CP (2008) Morphological integration and developmental modularity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 39: 115-132.
  • Klingenberg CP (2009) Morphometric integration and modularity in configurations of landmarks: Tools for evaluating a-priori hypotheses. Evolution & Development, 11: 405-421.
  • Singh N, Harvati K, Hublin J-J, Klingenberg CP (2012) Morphological evolution through integration: A quantitative study of cranial integration in Homo, Pan, Gorilla and Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution, 62: 155-164.
  • Klingenberg CP, Duttke S, Whelan S, Kim M (2012) Developmental plasticity, morphological variation and evolvability: A multilevel analysis of morphometric integration in the shape of compound leaves. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 115-129.

Previous editions of this course

4th Edition, April 7th-10th, 2015

Course Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics - 4th Edition, April 7th-10th, 2015Eleven people belonging to the following countries and institutions participated in this edition:

  • Czech Republic: Charles University in Prague.
  • Thailand: Mahidol University.
  • United States of America: National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution.
  • Chile: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Universidad de Valparaíso.
  • Spain: Universitat de València.
  • Brazil: Universidade de São Paulo.
  • Czech Republic: University of West Bohemia.
  • Poland: Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences.
  • Russian Federation: Zoological Museum of M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.

3rd Edition, January 28th-31st, 2014

Course Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics - 3rd Edition, January 28th-31st, 2014Nine people belonging to the following countries and institutions participated in this edition:

  • Sweden: Uppsala University.
  • Spain: University of Santiago de Compostela.
  • United Kingdom: Royal Holloway, University of London & Natural History Museum, University of Manchester.
  • Colombia: Universidad de los Andes.
  • Germany: Justus Liebig University.
  • Brazil: Universidade Federal do Pampa.
  • Ireland: University College Dublin.

2nd Edition, April 2nd-5th, 2013

Course Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics - 2nd Edition, April 2nd-5th, 2013Twelve people belonging to the following countries and institutions participated in this edition:

  • Ireland: Institute of Technology.
  • Russian Federation: Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.
  • Belgium: University of Leuven.
  • Spain: Autonomous University of Madrid, Universitat de València, Universidad de Alicante, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales.
  • Italy: UIniversità del Molise, University of Cagliari.
  • United States of America: Stony Brook University, Monsanto.
  • France: Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.

1st Edition, April 10th-13th, 2012

Course Integration and Modularity with Geometric Morphometrics - 1st Edition, April 10th-13th, 2012Nine people belonging to the following countries and institutions participated in this edition:

  • United Kingdom: Hull York Medical School, University of Cambridge.
  • Switzerland: University of Bern.
  • Spain: Universidad de Malaga, Universidad Santiago de Compostela.
  • Portugal: Centre of Marine and Environmental Research.
  • Romania: “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University.
  • Belgium: Ghent University.
  • Germany: Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie.


  • Course Fee
  • Early bird (until March 31st, 2018):
  • 535
  • Regular (after March 31st, 2018):
  • 670
  • This includes course material, coffee breaks and lunches.
    (VAT included)

20 % discount will be applied to your fee If you belong to any of the Institutions listed HERE. Discounts (see Funding below) are not cumulative and apply only on the fee.

We offer the possibility of paying in two instalments (contact the course coordinator).


The course will take place in the city of Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain). Take a look at the venue.

You may stay in Barcelona city or Sabadell. You will find information about Hotels and Hostel in Sabadell here. It takes about 45 minutes by public transport to arrive to Sabadell from the centre of Barcelona city. The place of the course is about 15 minutes walking from the train stop.



Former participants will have a 5 % discount on the Course Fee.

Furthermore, a 20 % discount on the Course Fee is offered for members of some organizations (Organizations with discount). If you want to apply to this discount please indicate it in the Registration form (proof will be asked later).

Unemployed scientists living in Spain, as well as PhD students based in Spain without any grant or scholarship to develop their PhD, could benefit from a 40 % discount on the Course Fee. If you want to ask for this discount, please contact the course coordinator. That would apply for a maximum of 2 places and they will be covered by strict inscription order.

Discounts are not cumulative and apply only on the fee, not to Accommodation Package or other options.


Course Schedule
Tuesday, June 19th through Friday, June 22nd, 20189:30 to 13:30 Lessons.
13:30 to 15:00 Lunch.
15:00 to 18:00 Lessons.

There will be two coffee breaks each day, halfway through each lesson session.

The schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.


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